Soybeans are an irrigated summer growing oilseed crop whose grain in Australia has traditionally been used for oil extraction and also in stockfeed industries.
Soybeans have also become a popular culinary grain used in the making of Asian foods such as milk and tofu.
Graphene is a carbon material that is one atom thick, and is used in applications ranging from miniaturised electronics to biomedical devices.
Until now, the high cost of graphene production has been the major roadblock in its commercialisation.
Graphene was previously grown in a highly-controlled environment with explosive compressed gases, requiring long hours of operation at high temperatures and extensive vacuum processing.
But CSIRO scientists have developed a novel "GraphAir" technology which eliminates the need for such a highly-controlled environment.
GraphAir transforms soybean oil – a renewable, natural material - into graphene films in a single step.
The technology grows graphene film in ambient air with a natural precursor, making its production faster and simpler.
The findings were published in Nature Communications, and co-author Dr Zhao Jun Han said the ambient-air process for graphene fabrication was fast, simple, safe, potentially scalable, and integration-friendly.
"Our unique technology is expected to reduce the cost of graphene production and improve the uptake in new applications."
"Our GraphAir technology results in good and transformable graphene properties, comparable to graphene made by conventional methods," co-author of the study Dr Dong Han Seo said.
With heat, soybean oil breaks down into a range of carbon building units that are essential for the synthesis of graphene.
The team also transformed other types of renewable and even waste oil, such as those leftover from barbecues or cooking, into graphene films.
"We can now recycle waste oils that would have otherwise been discarded and transform them into something useful," Dr Seo said.
The potential applications of graphene include water filtration and purification, renewable energy, sensors, personalised healthcare and medicine, to name a few.
Graphene has excellent electronic, mechanical, thermal and optical properties as well.
Its uses range from improving battery performance in energy devices, to cheaper solar panels.